Tag Archives: Christian

Nigeria vs. Islamic Extremism

BokoHaram2
 In late February, Reverend Phyllis Sortor, a Free Methodist Church missionary and aid worker, was kidnapped in Nigeria while offering humanitarian services in the region. It is widely believed that Boko Haram, already responsible for 4000 deaths this year alone, is the culprit. As usual, President Obama has done little to respond, protect American lives, or counter the actions of Islamic terrorists… sorry – violent extremism.

Regrettably, as we have seen with the deaths of American citizens in Libya, the White House’s inaction this not surprising, but yet another example of ambivalent behavior that raises questions about Obama’s willingness to confront Islamic extremism in all its forms. If we do not confront this threat, stories like Reverend Sortor’s will become the norm rather than the exception.

Meanwhile, Nigeria fights for its survival as a modern democratic state. Split between a Christian south and an Islamic north, Nigeria is Africa’s most populous nation, a battleground against Islamic terrorism, and a major oil-exporting nation. The country was thrown into the global spotlight thanks to its key role in the fight against Islamic radicalism and the spread of regressive Sharia law in Africa and beyond. While a transnational force made up of 7500 soldiers from neighboring Chad, Cameroon, and Niger has already been set up to help Nigeria, the U.S. has so far hung its ally out to dry.

Currently ruled by right-wing President Goodluck Jonathan, Nigeria is going thorough its most difficult moments in recent history. Although there have been setbacks along the way, President Jonathan has tried to forge a strong multiethnic state that respects democracy and economic growth in Nigeria. But the upcoming presidential elections, slated for March 28, could mark a stark turnaround.

General Muhammadu Buhari, a former dictator who was deposed in the 1980s after seizing power in a coup, is Jonathan’s main contender and polls put them neck and neck. Buhari has pledged to lock up Nigerian politicians and civil servants who oppose or hinder his policies if he is elected. During his time as president in the 80s, a disastrous 20 months which ended in a popular revolution led by military officers, Buhari imprisoned journalists and artists, sentenced to death individuals by applying retroactive laws, and gagged the media. After Buhari’s loss in the 2011 election, his supporters killed hundreds and displaced nearly 65000 in violence throughout Nigeria. For his involvement in the post-election violence, a case has been filed against him at the International Criminal Court. Moreover, in a bizarre confluence of minds with Boko Haram, the general has also pledged full allegiance to Sharia law and has vowed to impose it in Nigeria by saying “I can die for the cause of Islam. If necessary, we are prepared to fight another civil war. We cannot be blackmailed into killing Sharia”

Incredibly, not only is the Obama Administration tacitly endorsing Buhari, but it has connections with Buhari’s campaign. Obama confidante and political operative, David Axelrod, has been working as an advisor for the Buhari camp. Even Secretary of State John Kerry criticized President Jonathan’s temporary delay of elections to address the violent Boko Haram threat, deeming them “unnecessary.”

What the United States does not need is the rise of an illiberal, Islamist state that does not respect modern laws and economic liberties in Africa’s largest democracy. This is unacceptable for the American strategic vision for Africa, but this is a possible outcome if Buhari seizes power in Nigeria.

Had the White House been committed to stop Boko Haram and give hope to the Nigerians who are considering electing a 72-year-old former dictator running on a ludicrous platform of “The Change Team”, it would have lifted restrictions on the selling of weapons to the Nigerian military. Under the so-called Leahy amendment, the U.S. is prohibited from delivering military equipment to units and regimes believed to employ questionable tactics, or which have spotty human rights records.

Among strong allies that have received military aid under Leahy exemptions include Israel and Egypt, two nations currently locked in existential battles with Hizb’allah and the Muslim Brotherhood, respectively. Nigeria should be included in this list of regional powers that deserve our help in their fight against Boko Haram. Admittedly, Nigeria has work to do to uphold the principles of freedom and liberty, but Jonathan has carried out a good faith effort to keep Nigeria on the path to a functioning democracy.

It is time for the Obama administration to act and supply Nigeria with the appropriate tools and support needed to keep Boko Haram at bay. If not, we may see yet another regime fall under the direct influence of extremists, and Nigeria will be another in the long list of foreign policy failures that must be laid at the feet of Barack Obama.

The case for a Christian Lebanon

Secularism in the Middle East has failed. Maybe it’s time to consider independent states in Lebanon.

Hussain Abdul-Hussain

Distribution of Lebanon

After the Scottish referendum for independence and the unofficial survey in Catalonia, there should be no shame if Christians in Lebanon hold a plebiscite over possible separation from Lebanon and the creation of a “small Lebanon” that many Christians have long craved.

 

On paper Christians are the majority in 11 districts, nine of them geographically contiguous and connected to Beirut’s predominantly Christian north and northeast. The creation of a contiguous Christian state might force Christians to retrench to the “small Lebanon” and agree to land and population swaps with non-Christian districts, just as Greece and Turkey did a century ago.

 

Lebanese Christian sentiment about independence is not clear. Their emotions have been swinging between nostalgia for the enclave that they carved for themselves during the civil war, and the 10,452 square km that many of them talk about proudly, even if naively.

 

A secular Lebanon where all citizens are equal before the law is both optimal and impossible, and in a region where the various communities are asserting their ethnoreligious identities and openly celebrating them, shaming Christians for demanding to do the same is unfair.

 

Even Turkey, the long-celebrated secular democracy, is now walking back both its secularism and its democracy, which means that it is about time for Christians of Lebanon, and maybe later the Levant in general, to rethink what government would be best for them.

 

Secularism in the Middle East isn’t about to happen now or in the near future. The best days of secularism, when Sunni autocrats like Gamal Abdul-Nasser and Saddam Hussein held power, are long gone. Now the region is left with non-national ethnoreligious groups, each vying for power and pushing for it.

 

Even during the heyday of Sunni and Shiite secularism, Christians were treated as second-class citizens. Except for Lebanon, no constitution in the region — from Pakistan to Morocco — allows non-Muslims to become sovereigns or govern.

 

Christians should not settle for second best. They should not live in countries with “Allahu Akbar” on their flags, as in Iraq. They should not be forced to fight for the creation of a state whose emblem is a mosque, like Palestine. Christians of Egypt should not settle for a constitution that mandates a Muslim president. Alawites of Syria should not obtain edicts certifying they are Muslims to become presidents.

 

If the Sunnis, the Shiites, the Kurds and others can openly assert their identity in territories where they are a majority and can turn religio-cultural symbols into national ones, Christians should be given a similar opportunity to make their own country in whatever image they like.

 

Judging from the behavior of Christian oligarchs and politicians, a Christian Lebanon would most probably not emerge as a liberal democracy. Nevertheless, disconnecting Christians from the dysfunctional region and from the Sunni-Shiite conflict that they have no stakes in would make the separation worthwhile.

 

The creation of a Christian Lebanon would be complicated. Even if Christians were to vote for independence, their secession would require disengagement from the current Lebanese state, splitting the debt on a per capita basis after deducting revenue of gold sales, and dividing mutual funds that cover medical care and retirement for public servants, judges and the military. It would require liquidating national facilities like Electricité du Liban and similarly settling the ownership of the national air carrier and cell phone companies.

 

Whatever state Christians made, were they able to keep it stable and capitalize on their enormous human resources and diaspora remittances, they could potentially create an unrivaled services sector and high tech industry. And if the state were to become prosperous, the trend of dwindling Christian population numbers might be reversed. Their prosperity might even encourage non-Christians in the region to emulate such an experiment.

 

A state for Christians would be anathema to radical Muslims, which is why moderate Muslims should endorse one. And while secular liberals are expected to oppose such a scheme, in the same breath that they oppose Islamic states, liberals should realize that it is time to be realistic.

 

In the not-so-distant past, when the Kurds of Iraq were fighting for independence, Iraqi secular nationalists opposed the Kurds. After 1992, when Iraqi Kurdistan became autonomous, many Iraqi liberals made a home for themselves in Kurdistan — many of them still do.

 

Nations are not engraved in stone. They rise, fall and evolve. States that refuse to change often fail and end up paying a price much higher than that of planned disintegration.

 

Hussain Abdul-Hussain is the Washington Bureau Chief of Kuwaiti newspaper Alrai. He tweets @hahussain

Christian Extermination in the Middle East

ISIS-Burns-Down-ChurchThe purge of ancient Christian communities throughout Iraq that started in June culminated in a show of great intolerance in July.

Among other things, a Christian church that had stood on the ground of Iraq for 1,800 years—a church that was erected less than 200 year after Christ—was reportedly torched by the Islamic State, according to numerous news agencies, including Al Arabiya.

Islamic State jihadis also stormed and took over an ancient monastery in northern Iraq and expelled its few monks, telling them “You have no place here anymore, you have to leave immediately.”  The monks plead to be allowed to save some of the monastery’s ancient relics but the jihadis refused and ordered them to walk many miles along a deserted road with nothing but their clothes.  (St. Behnam monastery had stood since the fourth century and was one of Iraq’s best-known Christian landmarks.  It was built by an Assyrian king as a penance for executing his children Behnam and Sarah for converting to Christianity.)

The Islamic State issued a July 19 deadline for Mosul’s remaining Christians either to convert to Islam or face execution.  Islamic State members also singled out Christian homes by placing the Arabic letter for “N”—based on the Arabic word Nasara, or “Nazarenes,” the Koran’s pejorative for Christians—on the sides of their homes.   The result, in the words of Patriarch Louis Sako, is that “For the first time in the history of Iraq, Mosul is now empty of Christians.”

In response to the Islamic State’s latest atrocities against Iraq’s Christian minorities, the Syriac Orthodox bishop of Mount Lebanon and Tripoli, George Saliba, denounced not just the Islamic State but Muslims in general for their long “history of violence and oppression against Christians”:

What is happening in Iraq is a strange thing, but it is normal for Muslims, because they have never treated Christians well, and they have always held an offensive and defaming stand against Christians….  We used to live and coexist with Muslims, but then they revealed their canines [teeth]….  [They don’t] have the right to storm houses, steal and attack the honor of Christians.  Most Muslims do this, the Ottomans killed us and after that the ruling nation-states understood the circumstances but always gave advantage to the Muslims.  Islam has never changed…

Islamic organizations responded by denouncing the Syriac bishop’s words as “hateful” and Islamophobic, demanding an apology.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu also made some telling remarks concerning the plight of Christians, especially in those Mideast countries the U.S. is involved in.  When asked if he was “troubled” by the Presbyterian Church USA’s decision to withdraw $21 million worth in investments from Israel on behalf of the Palestinian people, the prime minister said:

You know I would suggest to these Presbyterian organizations to fly to the Middle East, come and see Israel for the embattled democracy that it is, and then take a bus tour, go to Libya, go to Syria, go to Iraq, and see the difference. And I would give them two pieces of advice, one is, make sure it’s an armor plated bus, and second, don’t say that you’re Christians. 

The rest of July’s roundup of Muslim persecution of Christians around the world includes (but is not limited to) the following accounts, listed by theme and country alphabetical order, not necessarily according to severity.

Muslim Attacks on Churches and Carnage

Afghanistan: according to BosNewsLife, the central Asian nation’s “tiny Christian community was left in shock Friday,  July 25, after two Finnish Christian aid workers were shot dead.”  The attack “underscored the dangers faced by Christian aid workers.”  The two women were slain by motorcycle riding gunmen in the western city of Herat, “the latest in a series of attacks targeting Westerners, including Christian believers.  The Christians, who represented International Assistance Mission (IAM), had been working in Afghanistan since the 1990s…  They both spoke Dari well and knew and respected the culture of Afghanistan.”  Among those the aid workers were helping were people with mental disabilities and illiterate women.

Central African Republic:  At least 27 Christians were slaughtered during a July 7 attack on the St. Joseph’s Cathedral compound in Bambari, where thousands of people, mostly Christian, were receiving sanctuary.  The attackers were fighters from the Islamic Seleka rebel movement and Muslim civilians. The armed attackers entered the grounds at around 3pm and began shooting indiscriminately. Women and children were among those killed; over 20 people were injured.  The Islamic attackers burnt down 20 buildings within the church compound, set fire to three cars, and stole two others as well as a number of motorbikes.  Weeks earlier, on May 28, another attack on a church compound in Bangui, the capital, left around 20 people dead.

Kenya: On July 5, Muslims attacked the Covenant Church, three kilometers north of Hindi, just as Bible study was closing.  As the Bible study participants fled, two men opted to hide inside the church building—and were burned alive after the Islamic attackers set the building on fire.  On the same night, a Catholic church building in the village of Gamba, in neighboring Tana River County, was also destroyed by attackers.   Two days earlier, 15-20 assailants armed with guns and knives attacked Gamba and the village of Hindi, killing at least 13 people, including a 12-year-old student and a 30-year-old man “who was found in a pool of blood with a Bible on his back,” reports Morning Star News. One survivor of the attacks said the invaders were heard “saying non-Muslims should get out, and if not they should convert to Islam.”  Another survivor said, “I was removed with my daughter from the house while the attackers tied my husband to the bedside before setting the house on fire.  The attackers, who spoke mainly in Somali, targeted non-Muslims, whom they tied with ropes before slitting their throats.” (Gamba is about 28 miles from Mpeketoni, another Christian town where gunmen killed at least 57 people in a June 15 attack.)

Lebanon: A shadowy group known as the Free Sunnis of Baalbek Brigade, which had only recently pledged its allegiance to the Islamic State, announced on its twitter account that a “specialized group of free jihadists were tasked with cleansing the Islamic state of Bekaa in particular and in Lebanon in general from the churches.  We will target crusaders in the state and in Lebanon to silence the ringing of the bells.”  (According to Islamic Sharia, churches under Islamic authority are forbidden from ringing their bells.)  The Brigade has claimed responsibility for several rocket and bomb attacks inside Lebanon, the last of which were the suicide blasts in Dahr al-Baydar and Raouche’s Duroy Hotel.

Nigeria: A bomb blast inside the Saint Charles Catholic Church left five people dead and eight injured.  The attack came shortly after Sunday mass ended, when an improvised explosive device was thrown inside the city of Kano, which has a strong presence of Boko Haram, the local Islamic terrorist organization.  On the same Sunday and also in Kano, a woman suicide bomber blew herself up outside a university after police prevented her from carrying out an attack.  Five officers were injured.  According to a police spokesman, “A female suicide bomber was isolated (by police) as she was walking towards the gate of the university.”  She had hidden the bomb under her “long black hijab” and was singled out for behaving strangely, said the spokesman.  Police were about to ask a female colleague to frisk the woman when she detonated the bomb, killing herself and injuring the police officers.  Also in July, Nicholas Okoh, primate of the Church of Nigeria, said in an interview that, despite Boko Haram’s nonstop attacks on Christians and their churches, for long “the United States did not come out to say anything about Boko Haram.  They kept talking about economic problems, [saying] that Boko Haram is fighting because of economic problems. That is not true … The United States deliberately ignored the fundamental issues of religious ideology.”

Sudan:  In adherence to Islamic law, the east African nation formally announced a ban on the construction of any new Christian churches in the country.  This move came after several churches, some of which have been in existence for decades, were bulldozed to the ground by authorities, the most recent one, the Sudanese Christ Church at El Izba residential area in Khartoum North, on July 1. According to Pravoslavie, “The Sudanese Minister of Guidance and Religious Endowments Shalil Abdullah announced that the government will henceforth not issue permits for the building of churches in the country.  Minister Shalil Abdullah told the press on Saturday [July 12] that the existing churches are enough for the Christian population remaining in Sudan after the secession of South Sudan in 2011.”  Since 1989, Sudan has been governed by a Sharia enforcing Islamic regime. Reverend Kori El Ramli, the Secretary-General of Sudan Council of Churches, criticized this move as contradicting the nation’s Constitution, adding “Yes, we are a minority, but we have freedom of worship and belief just like the rest of the Sudanese as long as we are Sudanese nationals like them.”

Turkey:  A band of Muslims attacked the Saint Stephanos Church in Istanbul during a baptismal service held on July 15. Among other things, the Muslim intruders pushed their way into the baptismal service, yelling obscenities, with one waving a knife and threatening to stab a parishioner.  The attack occurred during the Islamic holy month of Ramadan, which often sees a concomitant rise of intolerance in Muslim majority areas.   Speaking about the attack, one parishioner said on condition of anonymity that “It’s not the first, and it won’t be the last.”  In fact, two months earlier, men in their late teens and 20s entered the church building at night, ripped out most of its audio equipment and destroyed what they couldn’t carry away. They also took some of the ceremonial candles, lit them and started setting items in the rear of the building on fire. They stacked all remaining candles into a pile, lit them and left.

Uganda: A gang of Muslims brandishing machetes stormed a church during service, hacking one 18-year-old woman to death and leaving three others, including a one-year-old baby, injured.  A group of around 20 Christians had gathered at Chali Born Victory Church in Kyegegwa district for their regular Friday night prayer session when armed Muslims burst into the building around 2 am.  Pastor Jackson Turyamureba was preaching when he saw somebody peeping through a window.  According to the pastor, “I thought he was a drunkard and told him to either enter or go away. Shortly after that I heard doors being banged and men shouting ‘Allahu Akhbar’ (Allah is great) as they stormed the church brandishing pangas (machetes) and beating worshippers….  One of the attackers followed me and threw a panga which went over my head. I ran through a garden and the man who was pursuing me fell down and gave up the chase.”  The Muslim attackers then fled to a nearby mosque; police surrounded the mosque and one officer was killed when attackers opened fire.  Two suspects were arrested.   According to the pastor, the church has had problems with a group of Muslims in the area who had unsuccessfully tried to convert them to Islam. Church member Polly Tashobya added that the group said they wanted to transform Uganda into an Islamic nation and would kill anyone who refused to convert.

Muslim Attacks on Christian Freedom and ‘Dhimmitude’

Iran: Authorities detained a pastor and two other members of the Church of Iran, one of the country’s largest house church movements.  Pastor Matthias Haghnejad, Mohammad Roghangir, and Suroush Saraie were arrested July 5 by security forces at the pastor’s home in the city of Bandar-Anzali.  According to BosNewsLife, “Their detention comes amid an ongoing government campaign to halt the spread of Christianity in the Islamic country. Especially converts from Islam, many of whom visit the Church of Iran, have been targeted.”  Security forces reportedly confiscated the pastor’s belongings, including his Bible, and several other books.  This would be the latest setback for Pastor Matthias, who was jailed for his faith on three other occasions between 2006 and 2011.  Separately, a judge sentenced a Christian man to have his lips burnt with a cigarette for eating during the day in the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, when Muslims are required to abstain from food and drink during daylight.  The punishment was carried out in public in a square in the city of Kermanshah.  Five other Muslim men were also flogged in public with 70 lashes for not fasting during Ramadan.  A spokesperson from The National Council of Resistance of Iran, a political coalition which opposes the government, denounced the treatment as ‘savage’ and called on Western countries to respond:  “The silence of the world community, especially of western countries, vis-à-vis these medieval punishments under the excuse of having nuclear talks with Iran has intensified the brutal and systematic violation of human rights in Iran.”

Somalia: Muslim converts to Christianity who fled Somalia and reside in Kenyan refugee camps remain in mortal danger.  One convert, known only as “Abubakr,” and his wife reportedly held each other under their bed in their refugee camp as suspected gunmen from the Islamic terrorist organization Al Shabaab pounded on their door. They ordered the man to come out and called him an “infidel” (in both the Arabic and Somali languages), saying, “We need your head.”  When the apostate refused, they opened fire through the spaces of the poles of the couple’s hut, striking their legs.  Then they heard the attackers say, “We have killed the infidels” as they shot into the air while leaving.  The Christian couple was found two days later lying in their own pool of blood.   According to Abubakr, far from providing security for the hiding apostates, Muslim guards at the refugee camp actually help Al Shabaab militants locate them.  Another Somali convert from Islam, Abdikadir, saw Muslim relatives and other Somalis burn down his home in one of the undisclosed Dadaab refugee camps in April. They took away his wife and four children in the course of destroying his home.  He fled the camp and is now living elsewhere.

United Kingdom: According to the Telegraph, “Children were taught that all Christians are liars and attempts were made to introduce Sharia law in classrooms as part of an alleged ‘Trojan Horse’ takeover plot of Birmingham schools, an inquiry has found.”  Commissioned by Birmingham City Council, the inquiry found “evidence of religious extremism in 13 schools as school governors and teachers tried to promote and enforce radical Islamic values.”  Among other things, schools canceled Christmas, put up posters warning children that they would “go to hell” if they did not pray, and girls were taught that women who refused to have sex with their husbands would be “punished” by angels “from dusk to dawn.”  The report found that the extremism went unchecked because the council “disastrously” prioritized community cohesion over “doing what is right.”

About this Series

The persecution of Christians in the Islamic world has become endemic.  Accordingly, “Muslim Persecution of Christians” was developed to collate some—by no means all—of the instances of persecution that surface each month. It serves two purposes:

1) To document that which the mainstream media does not: the habitual, if not chronic, persecution of Christians.

2) To show that such persecution is not “random,” but systematic and interrelated—that it is rooted in a worldview inspired by Islamic Sharia.

Accordingly, whatever the anecdote of persecution, it typically fits under a specific theme, including hatred for churches and other Christian symbols; apostasy, blasphemy, and proselytism laws that criminalize and sometimes punish with death those who “offend” Islam; sexual abuse of Christian women; forced conversions to Islam;  theft and plunder in lieu of jizya (financial tribute expected from non-Muslims); overall expectations for Christians to behave like cowed dhimmis, or third-class, “tolerated” citizens; and simple violence and murder. Sometimes it is a combination thereof.

Because these accounts of persecution span different ethnicities, languages, and locales—from Morocco in the West, to Indonesia in the East—it should be clear that one thing alone binds them: Islam—whether the strict application of Islamic Sharia law, or the supremacist culture born of it.

Previous Reports:

June, 2014

May, 2014

April, 2014

March, 2014

February, 2014

January, 2014

December, 2013

November, 2013

October, 2013

September, 2013

August, 2013

July, 2013

June, 2013

May, 2013

April, 2013

March, 2013

February, 2013

January, 2013

December, 2012

November, 2012

October, 2012

September, 2012 

August, 2012

July, 2012

June, 2012

May, 2012

April, 2012

March, 2012

February, 2012

January, 2012

December, 2011

November, 2011

October, 2011

September, 2011

August, 2011

July, 2011

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