David Singer// UNESCO, the United Nations and just this week – the Vatican – have recognised that the “State of Palestine” exists – despite the fact that it lacks all four basic requirements laid down in Article 1 of the Montevideo Convention 1933:
“The state as a person of international law should possess the following qualifications:
a ) a permanent population; b ) a defined territory; c ) government; and d) capacity to enter into relations with the other states.”
Reverend Federico Lombardi – the Vatican spokesman – confirmed the Holy See’s stance:
“Yes, it’s a recognition that the state exists”
The Vatican is justifiably concerned with protecting Christian communities in the Middle East against further ongoing death, dispersion and destruction of their churches as has been happening to Christian communities in Syria and Iraq during the last twelve months.
Easing the concerns of Christians in areas B and C, the “West Bank” areas under Palestinian Authority control, would have certainly played a part in the Vatican’s decision.
Bethlehem’s Christian population has been reduced from 60% in the 1990’s – prior to coming under Palestinian Authority control in 1995 – to barely 15% Christian by 2013 – whilst 1,000 Christians are reported to be leaving every year.
In contrast, Christian population growth in Israel last year stood at 1.3% and risking a rift in its relations with Israel displays poor judgement by the Vatican, given these realities.
“… states not members of the United Nations Organization may be admitted to membership of the Organization ….”
Voting to admit into UNESCO an entity that is not a lawful state is beyond understanding.
The UN General Assembly compounded UNESCO’s amazing decision when 138 UN member States voted to recognize “Palestine” as a “non-member observer state” on 29 November 2012. The rule of law was thrown out the window with these UNESCO and UN decisions.
The international response to Islamic State has been markedly different since its declaration on 29 June 2014.
In just one year Islamic State has pillaged, plundered, beheaded and murdered its way through Syria and Iraq – now governing the population and controlling state assets in an area larger than Great Britain. Pledges of allegiance have come from many terrorist groups including Boko Haram and Sinai Province.
However, Islamic State meets all four Montevideo Convention criteria.
Yet British Prime Minister David Cameron urges Islamic State’s existence not be recognised by simply not using its self-declared name – reportedly telling BBC Radio 4’s Today programme:
“I wish the BBC would stop calling it ‘Islamic State’ because it is not an Islamic State. What it is, is an appalling barbarous regime … it is a perversion of the religion of Islam and many Muslims listening to this programme will recoil every time they hear the words.”
French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius has an even stranger view:
“This is a terrorist group and not a state. I do not recommend using the term Islamic State because it blurs the lines between Islam, Muslims and Islamists. The Arabs call it ‘Daesh’ and I will be calling them the ‘Daesh cutthroats’.”
Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott has reportedly used the term “death cult” 346 times since last September.
The Pope, too, seems reluctant to use the term “Islamic State”.
“Palestine” – not a State – is recognised as a State.
“Islamic State” – a State – is not recognised as a State.
No wonder the world is in such a state of turmoil and confusion.